Laser cutting is a technology that uses a laser to cut materials, and is typically used for industrial manufacturing applications, but is also starting to be used by schools, small businesses, and hobbyists. Laser cutting works by directing the output of a high-power laser most commonly through optics. The focused laser beam is directed at the material buy CNC controller, which then either melts, burns, vaporizes away, or is blown away by a jet of gas, leaving an edge with a high-quality surface finish. Industrial laser cutters are used to cut flat-sheet material as well as structural and piping materials.
A press brake is a machine tool for bending sheet and plate material, most commonly sheet metal. It forms predetermined bends by clamping the workpiece between a matching punch and die. A brake can be described by basic parameters, such as the force or tonnage and the working length. Additional parameters include the stroke length, the distance between the side housings, distance to the back gauge, work height and the upper beam speed.
Shearing machine, in simple words, is a device that separate metal sheets into parts. In accordance with shear design, it can be subdivided into guillotine and swing beam. A guillotine shear has a moving blade driving by hydraulic system to cut the sheet at a adjustable angle vertically. In contrast to guillotine shear, swing beam shear blade pivots around a fixed point instead of vertical movement.
Ironworker is a class of machines that can shear, notch, and punch holes in steel plate. and can cut angle steel, flat steel, U steel, I steel, round bar, square bar. Ironworkers generate force using mechanical advantage or hydraulic systems. Modern systems use hydraulic rams powered by a heavy alternating current electric motor. High strength carbon steel blades and dies of various shapes are used to work the metal. Ironworkers are rated according to the force they can cut material up to 50 mm thickness.
A press machine, commonly shortened to press, is a machine tool that changes the shape of a workpiece by the application of pressure. Presses can be classified according to their mechanism: hydraulic, mechanical, pneumatic; their function: forging presses, stamping presses, press brakes, punch press, etc. A punch press is a type of machine press used to cut holes in material. It can be small and manually operated and hold one simple die set, or be very large, CNC operated, with a multi-station turret and hold a much larger and complex die set.
A plate rolling machine can roll various kinds of metal sheet into a round or conical shape. Four-roller machines have a top roll, one pinching roll, and two side rolls.it can pre-bend the metal sheet to make it form perfect round. The side rolls do the work of bending. The pinching roll holds the plate. Three-roller machines (variable pitch aka variable geometry) have one pressing top roll and two pressing side rolls. All three rolls able to move and tilt. The top roll moves vertically and the side rolls move horizontally. When rolling, the top roll presses the metal plate between the two side rolls.